The indigenous cultures of New Mexico, however, proved to be unrelated to the Mexicas, and they were not wealthy, but the name persisted.
Before statehood, the name "New Mexico" was applied to various configurations of the U. territory, to a Mexican state, and to a province of New Spain, all in the same general area, but of varying extensions.
the state is the fifth-largest state of the US, and slightly larger than British Isles.
New Mexico's eastern border lies along 103°W longitude with the state of Oklahoma, and (due to a 19th-century surveying error) On the southern border, Texas makes up the eastern two-thirds, while the Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sonora make up the western third, with Chihuahua making up about 90% of that.
With a population around two million, New Mexico is the 36th state by population.
With a total area of 121,592 sq mi (314,920 km), it is the fifth-largest and sixth-least densely populated of the 50 states.
The southwestern corner of the state is known as the Bootheel.The New Mexican landscape ranges from wide, rose-colored deserts to broken mesas to high, snow-capped peaks.Despite New Mexico's arid image, heavily forested mountain wildernesses cover a significant portion of the state, especially towards the north.) is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America; its capital and cultural center is Santa Fe, which was founded in 1610 as capital of Nuevo México (itself established as a province of New Spain in 1598), while its largest city is Albuquerque with its accompanying metropolitan area.
It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona; its other neighboring states are Oklahoma to the northeast, Texas to the east-southeast, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua to the south and Sonora to the southwest.New Mexico received its name long before the present-day nation of Mexico won independence from Spain and adopted that name in 1821.